【亲近善知识 Relying on The Excellent Teacher】未依过患者 The faults of not relying on the teacher

【未依过患者】

【《金刚手灌顶续》云:】
这个经典里面说,密续里边说:
【「薄伽梵,若有毁谤阿闍黎者,彼等当感何等异熟。】
那么这个经里边是佛跟金刚手菩萨的对语,金刚手菩萨就是大势至菩萨,他在密教里是密部的主。说:「佛陀呀!假定有人毁谤他的阿闍黎」,他这个阿闍黎我们要了解是几种,一般说五种:出家、羯摩、教授、授经、依止,都是。不过这个地方他上面告诉我们,乃至于你听一四句偈,实际上你真正了解了以后,所有的人都是我们的阿闍黎耶 ,他成就你,使你成佛嘛!提婆达多就是世尊的一个最了不起的阿闍黎。我们总希望能够从佛开始、善知识开始,一步一步上去,到最后任何人都是我们的阿闍黎,那时我们就成就了。

来源 SOURCE

日常师父法语 21B 01’33”手抄稿第三册 P162L4

21B 01’33” Vol 3 of Master Jih-Chang’s Discourse P162L4
English Lamrim Vol 1, P89

【e. The faults of not relying on the teacher】

【The Tantra Bestowing the Initiation of Vajrapani states: 】
This scripture says, the Tantra says,

【"Bhagavan, what sort of fruition is there for those who reproach their masters?"】
This is a dialogue between Buddha and Vajrapani. Vajrapani is also Mahasthamaprapta Bodhisattva. In the practice of the Tantra (or secret school), he is the great master of the Tantra. The text says, "Buddha! If someone reproaches his masters, [what happens]?" We should know that there are a few kinds of masters/teachers, five in general: one who has charge of novices (i.e the ordination teacher, who performs ordination ceremonies), a teacher of deportment and demeanor at the time of adopting the vows, master of ceremonies (who recites the instruction in ritual to novices), master of the scriptures (who teaches scriptures) and master of the Sangha community, all these. But earlier text told us that this extends to the point of even listening to a verse of four lines. Actually after you truly understand this, everyone is our our master. Everyone helps you to accomplish your goal to become a Buddha! Devadetta was one of the greatest masters of the Buddha. We always hope that beginning with the Buddha, our excellent teachers, and then step by step, eventually, anyone can be our master. That's when we will achieve Buddhahood.