净远法师分享师父“常败将军”的开示

各位同学:

在修行的路上,各自会有很多困难,如家庭、工作、人际关系的困难,还有学习广论的困难。师父有一段“常败将军”的开示,提出来与各位同学分享。

“现在我们有幸把这个脱出来了,在这个地方集聚资粮,所以千万要把这个正知见建立起来啊!正知见建立起来啊!当刚才这种心理现起的时候,你就说:欸,喏、喏、喏、喏!这个无始以来无明相应的习气又来了,这个真是我的怨家,我现在跑到这里,真正要跟它斗的什么?就跟它斗嘛!不是说已经成功了,前面告诉我们,“欸!我就是被它怨家压在下面了,我啊在下面——咬牙。”大家还记得这段话吧?这什么意思啊?不是我是时时战胜的,我自己很清楚嘛,我一直在败,人家说常胜将军,我自己觉得我是个常败将军。这话怎么讲呀?普通一般人哪,败了一次就完了,那个就不行。我败,败了以后我还再打;又败,败了再打;又败,再打。所以啊叫作“常败”,真正了不起的就是这个“常”字,你能够这样地倒下去再打,倒下去再打,倒下去再打,你成功了!记着,我但愿诸位能学这个!我现在就学这个常败将军,我在这里只是把我的败的经验告诉诸位。虽然败啊,快乐的哦!啊!美不可言,美不可言!”

摘录自广论旧版音档 第114卷A面


Venerable Jing Yuan Shared Master Jih-Chang Discourse: Constantly Defeated General

To All Students,

In the path of Dharma practice, everyone will certainly face many difficulties: at home, at work, relationship with others and difficulties in learning the Lamrim. Master Jih-Chang has a discourse about the “Constantly Defeated General” (常败将军). I have extracted this to share with everyone.

Presently, we are fortunate to have escaped from this, and to accumulate merits in this place. Therefore, we must by all means establish the right views! Establish the right views! When the earlier mentioned kind of mental state arises, you will say “Eh, there, there, there, there! This habit that is in concordance with ignorance since beginningless time has come again. This is indeed my enemy. Now that I have come here, I must really fight it. Just fight it! It is not that we have already succeeded. Earlier, it was mentioned “Eh! Even when I am buried under my enemy, I can still clench my teeth beneath them”. Does everyone remember this saying? What does this mean? It is not that I win the battle all the time; I am very clear that I am always being defeated. People talk about the “constantly victorious general”, however, I feel I am the “constantly defeated general”. What does this mean? For people in general, they are finished after having failed once; that won’t work. After I have failed, I will still fight again; after failing again, I fight again; after failing again, I fight again. Thus, this is called “constantly defeated”. What is really amazing is this word “constantly”. If you can fight again after toppling down, fight again after toppling down, fight again after toppling down, then, you have succeeded! Remember, I wish that everyone can learn this! I am presently learning this “constantly defeated general”. Over here, I am just telling everyone about my experiences of failure. Although I have been defeated, I feel happy! Ah! it is indescribably beautiful, indescribably beautiful! ”

Extracted from Master Jih-Chang’s Lamrim discourse, MP3 Soundtrack 114A